Migrating email service providers can be a large undertaking. We want to help relieve some of that stress of moving to Postmark from SparkPost. This guide will detail some of the differences and similarities between SparkPost and Postmark, as well as give some useful tips for migrating to Postmark from SparkPost.
It includes details on differences between Postmark and SparkPost APIs, sending outbound emails, processing inbound emails, UI differences, and webhooks.
These are some important differences to be aware of when moving over to Postmark from SparkPost:
Postmark separates email traffic through Message Streams. Transactional and broadcast (bulk) traffic does not mix in Postmark, including IP ranges. SparkPost has a single stream for transactional and marketing/bulk where all email traffic is sent through the same IP range.
Postmark doesn’t offer premium or enterprise options because we provide full support for all of our customers regardless of how much you pay.
Postmark does not provide 15,000 free emails each month like SparkPost. We do however offer a 100 emails per month developer plan that is free, so you can try out our service.
We do not recommend using dedicated IPs for most senders but do move senders to dedicated IPs at no additional charge once they reach a significantly large volume. As a result, you are never responsible for warming up an IP. We take full responsibility for managing IP addresses and warming them up.
Postmark does not currently support custom domains for click tracking. For security purposes, we use a secure domain: https://click.pstmrk.it
Important concepts to learn when moving over to Postmark
There are a couple of important concepts to learn when moving over to Postmark: Servers, Message Streams,Sender Signatures, and Verified Domains. A server and a confirmed sender signature/verified domain are required for sending, so it is important to understand what they are used for.
Each Postmark account contains servers. Servers are similar to sub-accounts on SparkPost and can be thought of as folders you create that group together similar email activity. Each server has its own activity (inbound and outbound), stats, server API token(s), a unique inbound email address, and templates. You can create as many servers as you need, there is no limit.
Some uses of servers are separating your clients’ activity, sending emails for different environments (prod, staging, development), or separating sending for your different domains. When you begin adding more users to your Postmark account, you can also assign them access to specific servers so that they can’t view email activity or change settings across your entire Postmark account.
Postmark separates email traffic through Message Streams,
meaning that transactional and broadcast traffic never intersects in
Postmark. Transactional message streams are for messages that are
usually unique and triggered by a user action like a welcome email, password reset, or receipts. Transactional streams do not
support broadcast messages. Broadcast message streams are for bulk
messages that sent to multiple recipients at once like announcements,
newsletters, or other application emails.
In Postmark you need to have either a confirmed sender signature or verified domain for each email address you want to send from. Sender signatures are individual email addresses that are authorized for sending via a confirmation email sent to that address. Adding and verifying a domain using a DKIM record lets you send from any email address on that domain.
The domain verification option is similar to SparkPost’s domain verification, but Postmark’s sender signatures offer a lower-friction way to verify individual email addresses for sending when verifying an entire domain isn’t practical.
We use sender signatures and verified domains to ensure you own or are authorized to send from the mailboxes you add to your Postmark account. You can have as many signatures and domains as you need, there is not a limit. Sender signatures and domains are associated with your account, not a specific server. This means they can be used for sending across all of your account’s servers.
Postmark does not support verifying domain ownership by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com. To verify a domain, you will need the ability to update DNS records for the domain.
Tip: You can use any sender signature/verified domain for sending with any Postmark server. It is different from SparkPost where the sending domain and its activity are linked together.
Each Postmark account has an account API token. Every server in an account also has its own server API token(s). Server API tokens are used for server-level actions such as sending email, getting statistics, modifying a template, etc… account API tokens are used for account-level actions such as creating a new server or adding a new domain for sending.
Postmark retains the full content and event history of every message for 45 days as standard (and retention can be customized from 7 to 365 days), whereas SparkPost only maintains event history and only for 10 days.
Postmark’s outbound message size limit is 10 MB including attachments, SparkPost’s limit is 20 MB.
Postmark messages can have up to 50 recipients in a single message.
You must use a Server API Token for both your SMTP username and password when using SMTP with Postmark. You can generate as many Server API Tokens as you need.
Postmark does not support scheduling messages to be delivered later. Postmark sends the emails as soon as the request to send is received. If you want to schedule messages to be sent at a later date or time, you would need to do that in your codebase.
Templates are not supported with Postmark’s SMTP service and can only be used with the Postmark API.
With Postmark, you can verify a single email address, or “Sender Signature,” for sending in place of verifying an entire domain
Verifying Email Addresses and Domains for Sending #
Similar to SparkPost, domains in Postmark are verified for sending using DKIM and SPF records added to your domain’s DNS. Head over to our help article on verifying a domain for sending with Postmark for more detailed steps. Unlike SparkPost, you cannot verify a domain by sending emails to the abuse@ and postmaster@ email addresses for your domain.
Postmark also includes an additional option for sending from a single email address that you can confirm using an emailed link. You can add individual addresses as Sender Signatures to your account, which does not require that you add DKIM and SPF records to send with that email address, though we always recommend setting up DKIM and SPF to maximize deliverability.
You can add and manage your sending domains and email addresses from the Sender Signature page in Postmark. Each domain you add has an Authentication page that includes the unique DNS record information for setting up DKIM, SPF, and a custom return-path.
Tip: Postmark does not allow sending from any public domain email addresses, such as Gmail, Yahoo, AOL, Outlook, Live, etc…
You can use the unique API Token for your server (which acts as both a username and password) and a Header to
specify the message stream you're sending through. If a header is not
specified, Postmark will send through the default transactional stream.
If you don't have an option to add a custom header during the SMTP send, you can instead use an SMTP Token. An
SMTP Token consists of an Access Key (which acts as a username) and a
Secret Key (which acts as a password).
Tip: You will need to switch over to using port 25, 2525, or 587 when using Postmark SMTP. We recommend using port 2525 or 587, since port 25 is sometimes blocked by ISPs.
SMTP Endpoint for Transactional
SMTP Endpoint for Broadcasts
SMTP Stream ID Header
X-PM-Message-Stream: (Stream ID)
587 or 2525
25, 587, or 2525
Server API Token
Server API Token
Plain text (unencrypted), CRAM-MD5, TLS
If you need to whitelist the IPs you connect to Postmark SMTP with, whitelist the following ranges:
Authentication When authenticating with the Postmark API for sending emails, you will need to use your server API token in an X-Postmark-Server-Token header. As a reminder, you can get your server API token from the server’s API Tokens tab.
For the most part, inbound email processing is implemented similarly between Postmark and SparkPost, but SparkPost refers to it as “Relay Events.” If you were using relay events with SparkPost and will be using Postmark for processing email once you migrate, this section is an important read.
Postmark will provide the raw content as well as a clean “Stripped Reply” that removes any quoted text and email signatures.
Postmark will automatically parse and strip the inbound email address to include a field for the Mailbox Hash
With Postmark, you do not have to use a verified domain for inbound domain forwarding, and Postmark does not require that you set up inbound domain forwarding using an MX record in order to use inbound processing. Each server you create in Postmark will come with a unique inbound email address (ex. firstname.lastname@example.org) that you can use to receive emails inbound at your webhook URL. However, if you want to use inbound domain forwarding, and MX record is required.
Postmark requires that you enable SMTP (if not enabled already) on your Postmark server to use inbound processing.
SparkPost retries inbound message POSTs first at 300 seconds after the initial post, and then repeatedly tries up to 7 times with a back-off algorithm. With Postmark, a total of 10 retries will be made over a 10.5 hour period, with growing intervals from 1 minute to 6 hours. If all of the retries have failed, your inbound activity page will show the message has a processing error.
Postmark’s inbound message size limit including attachments is 35 MB, whereas SparkPost’s is 20 MB.
Postmark allows you to use filters to block specific domains or email addresses from inbound processing. This saves you processing resources and does not charge you for an email that was blocked for spam or other abuse. These blocked messages are saved for 10 days, and you can bypass the block via the web interface or API.
Postmark also offers some SpamAssassin message scoring and filtering for inbound messages.
Postmark provides you with some additional control on how spam filtering is handled that is not available in SparkPost. In your inbound settings in the Postmark UI (Settings > Inbound) you can set your Spam Assassin threshold, which is the Spam Assassin score that needs to be reached or exceeded to trigger the spam filter (the higher the Spam Assassin score, the more likely the email is spam).
In the inbound spam filtering settings you can also add rules for blocking inbound messages from specific email addresses and domains.
Postmark’s delivery webhook allows you to receive notifications when an email is delivered to a recipient. In Postmark, an email is considered successfully delivered when the destination email server returns a 250 OK response after delivery is attempted.
Postmark includes some additional information for bounce events that are not present in the SparkPost Event Webhook you should be aware of:
Information on whether the recipient’s email address is deactivated and can be reactivated
Whether a message dump is available. Postmark stores content for 45 days (and retention can be customized from 7 to 365 days), but retains bounce information indefinitely. If the message was sent less than 45 days ago, you can get a full dump of the message content if this parameter’s value is true
Tag/Category (Message tags in Postmark, Recipient tags in SparkPost)
Unique bounce identifier
Server used to send the email (Server in Postmark, Subaccount in SparkPost)
Description of bounce
Whether the recipient’s email is deactivated
Whether the recipient’s email address can be reactivated
If a message dump is available
Originating IP Address
Originating IP Pool
Number of Retries
Unique bounce identifier
Tip: Postmark includes an additional option when setting your bounce webhook URL to include the message content in the JSON sent to your URL. This option lets you receive the full message content when receiving bounce event information.
Subscription Change webhook is similar to SparkPost's Suppression
Subscription Change webhook is triggered when an email address is added
or removed from a Message Stream's Suppression list. These event
notifications are specific to the following subscription changes: Hard
bounces, spam complaints, and manual suppressions.
When you log into Postmark you are placed in the Servers page, which shows each server you have created. Each server you create has a default transactional message stream for outbound sending and an inbound message stream for processing inbound email. Each server has tabs for Message Streams, Templates, API Tokens, and Settings. Each message stream has tabs for Statistics, Activity, Setup Instructions, and Settings, which are unique for each message stream.
Servers let you separate your outbound and inbound message streams, templates, and credentials based on domains, environments, customers, or any other criteria that helps organize the activity of a given application or website.
The main servers page will show you a list of your servers. You can create as many servers as you need, there is no limit. You can also pin your most frequently accessed servers so they appear at the top of the list. Unused servers will be greyed out, for easy identification of which servers you may want to delete or repurpose.
To view detailed statistics and metrics for a server's message streams, locate the server in the servers list or by using the search field. Click on the bar graph icon and select the server's message stream you are interested in to be taken to its overview page.
The statistics tab of a message stream is similar to SparkPost's Reports pages, though each stream has its own statistics page rather than an overall account view like SparkPost. Included in the statistics area for an outbound (transactional or broadcast) stream are the sending volume, link tracking metrics (if enabled), open tracking metrics (if enabled), and bounce metrics. In an inbound stream's Statistics tab you will see the successfully processed and failed inbound volume.
To see your inbound and outbound activity in a server, select the message stream you are interested in and click on the Activity tab. This area will show a detailed event view of the stream's events, including sent, delivered, open events, spam complaints, bounces, etc... for the outbound streams and inbound processing events for the inbound stream. Use the search bar to look for emails by subject or email address.
To see details for a particular event in a stream, click on the event. Some events included in the outbound streams are sent emails (Processed), bounces, spam complaints, clicked links, and opened emails. Events in Activity are color coded to help you tell what occurred at a glance:
Postmark gives you the ability to create and store templates including a variety of pre-built and well-test templates for common scenarios. From the Templates tab you can create, edit, and delete the server’s templates. Each server contains its own templates but you can easily copy templates from one server to another.
Alternatively, if you'd like to build your own batch of templates, we've created and open-sourced MailMason to help you automate the process of creating, testing, and managing your own templates using partials, variables, SASS, and asset management.
The Settings tab in a server lets you modify the server’s name and color. It is also where you can delete a server that is no longer being used.
API TokensThe API Tokens tab shows you your server API token(s). Use this tab to generate and delete server API tokens. Server API Tokens are used for outbound sending, SMTP authentication, and making server level API calls.
The Users page is where you add and manage users to your account for tasks such as viewing activity for troubleshooting and tracking purposes, managing server settings, creating templates, etc... Use our different roles to effectively manage the security of your account. See our help article on setting permissions for an overview of what options there are and how to control your users’ permissions.
For more Postmark specific insight on how to get started and get the most out of Postmark, make sure to look through our “Getting Started Guide” or visit our support center where you can easily search all of our documentation from a single place. API docs. Guides. Blog posts. Help docs. Labs projects. You name it. We probably have something that can help you out.
Once you've switched to Postmark, you may want to become familiar with our status page and status API. We believe deeply in transparency, and we go a step further than just system availability and share our inbox rates and delivery speeds for the five most popular inbox providers. We also offer all of the data via an API so you can monitor us and set up automation in the event something does go wrong.
You now have a solid understanding of how to transition over the core features you need in an ESP from SparkPost to Postmark, including how to send outbound and process inbound email, what APIs and webhooks to use for certain functions, and how to view your email activity and statistics. If you have any questions about where to find a setting or how to use a feature in Postmark, get in touch and we can help!